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Clever Hans and his effects. Karl Krall and the origins of experimental parapsychology in Germany PDF Yazdır e-Posta
Cuma, 05 Eylül 2014 15:02

Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci. 2014 Aug 28. pii: S1369-8486(14)00085-5. doi: 10.1016/j.shpsc.2014.07.005. [Epub ahead of print]

Clever Hans and his effects. Karl Krall and the origins of experimental parapsychology in Germany.

De Sio F1, Marazia C2.

Author information:
1Institut für Geschichte der Medizin, Heinrich Heine Universität, Düsseldorf, Germany. Electronic address: Bu e-Posta adresi istek dışı postalardan korunmaktadır, görüntülüyebilmek için JavaScript etkinleştirilmelidir .
2Département d'histoire des sciences de la vie et de la santé, Université de Strasbourg, France.

Abstract

Shortly before the outbreak of World War I, the so-called Elberfeld horses, the counting and speaking animals, were among the most debated subjects of the newborn comparative psychology. Yet, they have left little trace in the historiography of this discipline, mostly as an appendix of the more famous Clever Hans. Their story is generally told as the prelude to the triumph of reductionistic experimental psychology. By paying a more scrupulous attention than has so far being done to the second life of Hans, and to the endeavours of his second master, Karl Krall, this article explores the story of the Elberfeld horses as an important, if so far neglected, chapter in the history of experimental parapsychology.